Who Owns Haiti? Book Launch Event


Who Owns Haiti? People, Power, and Sovereignty in Haiti’s International Affairs

The Focus On Haiti Initiative will host a book launch event on Thursday, April 20, 2017, to celebrate the publication of Who Owns Haiti? People, Power, and Sovereignty. The event will feature a panel discussion with editors Robert Maguire and Scott Freeman, and contributing authors Amy Wilentz, Robert Fatton, and Chelsey Kivland.

The panel discussion will take place from 10:30AM to 12:00PM in the City View Room at the Elliott School of International Affairs in Washington, DC. A light breakfast and boxed lunch will be available to those who RSVP by April 18, 2017. Please click here to RSVP: http://go.gwu.edu/wohpps.  

This event is sponsored by the Focus On Haiti Initiative, the GW International Strategy Office, and the Elliott School Book Launch Series.

Who Owns Haiti? Edited Volume Published

We are proud to announce that Who Owns Haiti? People, Power, and Sovereignty, edited by Robert Maguire and Scott Freeman, has been published by the University Press of Florida.

The edited volume builds off of the Focus On Haiti Initiative’s 2014 conference, Who ‘Owns’ Haiti? Sovereignty in a Fragile Stateincluding chapters by speakers at the event and from across disciplines.

The book is now for sale by the University Press of Florida. An excerpt and the table of contents are also available to view online.



WOHCover.pngWho Owns Haiti? explores the role of international actors in the country’s sovereign affairs while highlighting the ways in which Haitians continually enact their own independence on economic, political, and cultural levels. The contributing authors contemplate Haiti’s sovereign roots from a variety of disciplinary perspectives, including political science, anthropology, history, economics, and development studies. They also consider the assertions of sovereignty from historically marginalized urban and rural populations. This volume addresses how Haitian institutions, grassroots organizations, and individuals respond to and resist external influence. Examining how foreign actors encroach on Haitian autonomy and shape–or fail to shape–Haiti’s fortunes, it argues that varying discussions of ownership are central to Haiti’s future as a sovereign state.


“A timely collection of articles by some of the leading and emerging scholars and specialists on Haiti, offering a wide range of critical perspectives on the question and meaning of sovereignty in Haiti.”–Alex Dupuy, coauthor of The Prophet and Power: Jean-Bertrand Aristide, the International Community, and Haiti


“Directly asks the provocative question of ownership and Haitian sovereignty within the post-earthquake moment–an unstable period in which ideas on (re)development, humanitarianism, globalization, militarism, self-determination, and security converge.”–Millery Polyné, author of From Douglass to Duvalier: U.S. African Americans, Haiti, and Pan Americanism, 1870-1964


“Powerful essays by experts in their fields addressing what matters most to smaller nations–the meaning of sovereignty, and the horrid trajectory from colonialism, to neocolonialism into neoliberalism.”–Patrick Bellegarde-Smith, author of Haiti: The Breached Citadel



A Very Good Day for Haiti

By Robert Maguire, Focus On Haiti Initiative, 21 November 2016.

If ever a country and its people needed a good day, it was Haiti and the Haitian people.  Over the past two months, they have been battered by a monstrous hurricane and, more recently, by widespread flooding and mudslides.  Over the past year, they have been subject to fraudulent elections and, when the country’s political, social, civic and economic leaders sought to rectify them, resistance and pressure to accept the election results status quo from external forces who ironically often present themselves as Haiti’s ‘friends.’  And, in the five years prior to those denigrating elections, the country and its people were subject to a government more known for organizing carnivals, engaging enthusiastically in debt-inducing political patronage and shady dealings, and disrespecting democratic process and practice than for leading the country to a stronger, more prosperous future.

It is through this lens that Sunday, November 20, 2016 was a very good day for Haiti.  On that day, the bruised country held an election and determined citizens went to polling places around the country in what has been described by the head of the elections council as “a successful day… that unfolded in calm, serenity… and, in general… without violence.” Voters went to cast ballots for president, and in certain constituencies, for senators and lower chamber deputies engaged in a run-off election.  Should no single candidate for the presidency receive more than 50% of Sunday’s votes, a presidential run-off between the two top vote getters is scheduled for January 29, 2017.

In view of the tepid and rather late support of Sunday’s reformed balloting by international actors (including the U.S.), Haitians who have chaffed for years over the dominant role outsiders have played in their political process must have a sense of vindication over Sunday’s ‘calm, serene’ outcome.  Joining the interim government and its Provisional Electoral Council (CEP) in relishing this absolution is the multitude of civil society, church, and business leaders who supported the push toward Haitian assertion of ‘ownership’ of its presidential election.  Without doubt, Haitian ownership contributed significantly in the positive outcome on November 20th. Haitians all along the country’s socio-economic spectrum now had something to prove with this election.  With determination and dignity they demonstrated that they can lead their own political process, and conduct – and pay for – their own elections.  They must now be accorded all due respect for this important step in strengthening Haiti’s democratic process.  After all, it must be asked, what truly democratic country does not ‘own’ its own elections?

Continue reading

Building Haiti Back Better, V.2

By Robert Maguire, Focus On Haiti Initiative, 18 October 2016.

As the painfully slow process of cataloguing the destruction wrought in early October by Hurricane Matthew and assisting its survivors continues, my in-box fills with emails from various organizations soliciting donations for hurricane relief.  I am struck that the messages are usually from the same non-Haitian organizations I heard from following Haiti’s 2010 earthquake.

Immediately after the storm, however, an email of a different sort arrived: from the Embassy of Haiti in Washington, DC.  In it, Haiti’s Ambassador does not solicit funds.  Rather, he outlines the known impact of the storm and acknowledges that there will be an urgent feeling among Haiti’s friends “to mobilize and initiate [relief] efforts.”  The ambassador, however, cautions against that instinct, advising that it is more “beneficial” to engage in “a coordinated and strategic relief effort to avoid mistakes from the past.”

Implying that salient among those mistakes was ignoring Haitians and their institutions to support almost exclusively what a former World Bank President once referred to in Haiti as the cacophony of international NGO “flag-draped, feel-good projects,” the ambassador stated that he “strongly encourages all who wish to help to work with the local organizations and institutions on the ground in order to gain their input on the actual needs of the affected communities.”  He advised, in particular, that “(y)ou should know that local municipalities can also be good partners.” In closing his message, he underscored that “(i)t is imperative that we take caution when offering assistance not to contribute to the destruction of local institutions by bypassing or undermining them.”

Strong language, eh?  Those prior missteps must have left deep scars from the perspective of the government (and citizens) represented by Haiti’s Ambassador in Washington, DC.   The cacophony of 2010 post-quake efforts (and funds spent on them) brought little lasting change to ordinary Haitians whose lives had been turned upside down by the natural disaster.  And as seen in early October, Haiti and its people were just as vulnerable to a natural disaster from the sky as they were almost seven years earlier to one from under the ground. Continue reading


The Focus On Haiti Initiative hosted a screening of the new film FATHER JOSEPH, a documentary on the life and work of Father Joseph Philippe, Founder of Sèvis Finansye Fonkoze, the Peasant Association of Fondwa, and the University of Fondwa.

The event featured the film screening and a panel discussion moderated by Amanda Klasing—Women’s Rights Division Senior Researcher at Human Rights Watch—and the following speakers:

  • Father Joseph Philippe – Founder of Sèvis Finansye Fonkoze, the Peasant Association of Fondwa (APF), and the University of Fondwa (UNIF)
  • Robert Maguire – Professor of the Practice of International Affairs, Elliott School of International Affairs
  • Anne Hastings – Founder and former CEO of Sèvis Finansye Fonkoze / Board Member, UNIF-USA
  • Leigh Carter – Founder and Board Member Emeritus, Fonkoze USA / Board Member, APF-USA
  • Jeff Kaufman – Director / Producer of FATHER JOSEPH
  • Jenny Petrow – Inter-American Foundation representative for Colombia and Jamaica, and former IAF representative for Haiti

A preview of the film is available online.
Continue reading

Event: Haiti and its Future: Political Breakdown and Need for Reform

On Tuesday, July 12, 2016, the Focus On Haiti Initiative and the Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA) will cohost a discussion with Jean-Claude Fignole, Haiti Program Director for Oxfam America. Gimena Sanchez-Garzoli, Senior Associate at WOLA, will moderate the event. The discussion will focus on the future of Haiti’s politics and the durability of Haiti’s long-term development.

The event will be hosted at the Elliott School of International Affairs, Room 505, from 2:00PM-3:30PM. For more information and to RSVP, please email foh@gwu.edu.

Continue reading

Dumping Peanuts in Haiti

Stop calling “aid” what really is about supply management for US agricultural interests.

By , and , originally posted by The Globalist, June 18, 2016.

For the first time in a long while, Haiti’s peanut farmers are getting some attention. Kicked off by a blog post and Washington Post article, the decision by the U.S. Department of Agriculture to “donate” peanuts to Haiti has caused due ruckus on blogs and has inspired various editorial responses to and by the Washington Post.

Objections from the world of international development were swift and condemning. From Oxfam to Partners in Health, there has been fierce reaction to the “commodity dumping” by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Clearly, Haiti’s own peanut market stands to lose when surplus peanuts from the United States are flown in as food aid.

Continue reading